Achieving and maintaining ISO 27001 compliance involves a continuous process of:
Identifying and assessing information security risks.
Implementing controls and measures to mitigate identified risks.
Regularly reviewing and improving the ISMS to adapt to changes in the organization’s information security landscape.
ISO 27001 requires organizations to perform a risk assessment to identify and assess information security risks. Vulnerabilities in systems, applications, or processes are one of the factors that contribute to these risks. Organizations are expected to consider vulnerabilities when identifying and evaluating risks to the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of information.
Once risks are identified, ISO 27001 mandates that organizations develop a risk treatment plan. Part of this plan may involve vulnerability management. If vulnerabilities are identified as significant contributors to information security risks, the organization should take steps to treat those vulnerabilities.